The process of plant breeding enables us to develop new varieties with improved or enhanced characteristics needed for a changing world and changing markets.
In the 1970’s higher yields and better adaptation to mechanisation were major breeding goals.
The 1980’s and 1990’s saw increased resistance to insect pests and diseases, and improved processing capability gaining importance. Enhanced nutritional quality, low-input varieties and uses in the non-food area are the challenges for today.
A summary of breeding goals:
- Resistance to diseases (fungi, viruses, bacteria) and pests (insects, nematodes)
- Nutrient efficiency
- Agronomic traits
- Other breeding goals